Chinese medicine societies reject use of tiger bones
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Chinese online pharmacy viagra societies reject use of tiger bones

2010-03-13 12:20:00

Reports indicate that a statement by World Federation of Chinese Medicine Societies (WFCMS), which has urged its members not to use tiger bone or any other parts from endangered wildlife, has been welcomed by the WWF and TRAFFIC.

The statement was made at a symposium on March 12 in Beijing and notes that some of the claimed medicinal benefits of tiger bone have no basis.

The use of tiger bones was removed from the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) pharmacopeia in 1993, when China first introduced a domestic ban on tiger trade.

"Tiger conservation has become a political issue in the world. Therefore, it's necessary for the traditional Chinese medicine industry to support the conservation of endangered species, including tigers," said Huang Jianyin, deputy secretary of WFCMS.

Illegal trade in Asian big cat products is a key issue at the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Conference of Parties meeting at Doha, Qatar.

China is among the 175 countries that are signatories to this international treaty governing wildlife trade.

"CITES governments should be encouraged by this statement and use the opportunity they have at this meeting to pass measures, that if properly enforced, can help put an end to tiger trade," said Dr. Colman O'Criodain, Wildlife trade analyst, WWF International.

The statement also calls on all WFCMS' members to promote tiger conservation and encourages them to abide by all relevant international and national regulations on wildlife trade.

"The Societies' public declaration is a clear signal that the traditional Chinese medicinal community is now backing efforts to secure a future for wild tigers," said Professor Xu Hongfa, head of TRAFFIC's programme in China.

As an international traditional Chinese academic organization, the WFCMS stated that it had a duty to research the conservation of endangered species, including tigers.

"We will ask our members not to use endangered wildlife in traditional Chinese medicine, and reduce the misunderstanding and bias of the international community," said the WFCMS' Huang Jianyin.

"The traditional Chinese medicine industry should look for substitutes and research on economical and effective substitutes for tiger products, which will improve the international image and status of traditional Chinese medicine and promote TCM in the world," he added.

WWF and TRAFFIC are calling for a permanent ban on all trade in tiger parts and products, and for a curtailment of commercial captive breeding operations.

Wild tigers are especially in the spotlight as 2010 marks the celebration of the Year of the Tiger in the Chinese lunar calendar. (ANI)

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http://www.bigcatrescue.org

New "Love Drug" on the horizon - and its being developed right here in the UK !!
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'Better than Viagra': The new libido drug which boosts sex drive AND causes arousal Scientists claim to have discovered the secret of sexual desire in a breakthrough that could change millions of lives around the world.They are developing a "wonder pill" to generate sex drive in both women and men who struggle with their libido.The medication could also have the potential to boost fertility rates and is believed to have the side- effect of encouraging weight-loss.If successful, it could outsell the market-leading impotence drug cheap viagra, as it bolsters the brain's desire for sex, whereas cialis boosts only physical capability.Loss of libido affects more than a third of women and up to one in six men, but experts report a growing problem with a decline in sexual desire among stressed-out males.The pill would use a hormone that releases Type 2 gonadotropin, which drives the reproductive system in animals and humans.Tests on animals have proved successful and researchers at the Medical Research Council's Human Reproductive Sciences Unit in Edinburgh are working on an equivalent for humans.Professor Robert Millar, the unit's director, initially thought the drug would work only on women - but now believes there is no reason for it not to work on men and is planning further tests.Professor Millar said that when female musk shrews and marmoset monkeys received injections in laboratory tests, they displayed classic mating behaviour towards their male counterparts.In musk shrews this was shown by "rump-presentation and tail-wagging" and in monkeys it included "tongue-flicking and eyebrow-raising".An unexpected side-effect was that the laboratory animals ate significantly less food than usual - in some cases a third less than their usual daily diet.In the animal tests, the drug could at first be injected only into the brain. But they have now been able to inject the drug into the bloodstream instead - a crucial move towards making a human version of the drug that could be released for a global mass market.In time, they hope to produce the drug in pill form and believe it would make Viagra, the tablet that has so far been used by 27million men around the world, redundant.Professor Millar said: 'This drug would cut out the need for Viagra completely - Viagra does not produce desire, it simply leads to an erection but not to the desire for sex."This drug would arouse and produce the desire for sex at the same time, in both men and women."It is very exciting that we have made so much progress, as the stimulation of libido would mean a great deal to a huge number of people."One of the next steps will be to produce a pill, as at the moment we can only inject, although surveys show many people, particularly men, are happy to inject and diabetics seems to manage it without too much trouble."Certainly we want to produce an oral form of this so that it could be taken very easily by both men and women."


Racial Categories in Modern History
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See also: cheap cialis | 


Sources:

“Race: Power of an Illusion” video
Virey, De la Femme.
Davis, The Problem of Slavery in Western Culture
Nugent, Lady Nugent's Journal
Long, History of Jamaica

In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, race went beyond a term used for color and developed into race in genetics. We all know that people look different. Anyone can tell a Pakistani from a Chinese. However, are these differences racial? What does race mean? Race is a term that today encounters all sorts of categorical systems.

So deeply has became imbedded in our psyches, so widely accepted, that many would promptly dismiss the division of the world's peoples into distinct groups - "red," "black," "white" or "yellow" peoples as crazy with any suggestion of its falsity. Yet, that's exactly race does. Race is an illusion that questions the very idea of race as biology, suggesting that a belief in race is no more sound than believing that the sun revolves around the earth.

Race still matters, however, as it has in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It doesn't mean it isn't very real, helping shape life chances and opportunities just because race doesn't exist in biology.

To understand race we have to examine the differences between us, and examine the contemporary science - including genetics - that challenges our common sense assumptions that human beings can be bundled into three or four fundamentally different groups according to their physical traits.  We have to understand the roots of the race concept in the 19th century science that legitimated it, and how it came to be held so fiercely in the western imagination. How race served to rationalize, even justify, American social inequalities as "natural", all this must be examined.

What is it if race is not biology? We have to uncover how race resides not in nature but in politics, economics and culture. By disproportionately channeling resources, power, status and wealth to white people we must reveal how our social institutions "make" race.

We have to start by asking, what is this thing called 'race'? A question so basic it is rarely asked. We must set the terms that any further discussion of race must first take into account. Human biology, anthropology, sociology, American history, American studies, and cultural studies, are all topics that bring up this issue of racial categories.

Apart from the video “Race: Power Of An Illusion” there are also many books that bring up racial categories. Michael Banton presents a broad historical and typological overview of academic theories of race (he doesn't cover popular conceptions) iIn “Racial Theories”. He also touches on topics such as ethnicity and discrimination, and suggests his own ideas. The overall result is perhaps a little unfocused: the typological classification scheme seems artificial in places and some odd topics receive detailed attention (presumably reflecting own special interests).

The study of race begins with some general terminological issues, such as differences between folk and analytical terms and alternatives to "race". In studying race as lineage we must cover early modern concepts of race, based on the creation stories in Genesis and then on the work of naturalists such as Linnaeus and the German naturphilosophie school. Cuvier's confusion of lineage and variety provides a bridge to race as type, where theories of writers such as Morton and Nott in the United States, Gobineau in France, Smith and Knox in Britain, and Vogt in Germany can be sketched.

It took some time to influence racial theories by Darwinian population thinking and the rejection of essentialism. Race as dubspecies describes early applications in the theories of Beddoe and Sumner, Park's social ecology, and some general issues with reductionist explanations. It was not till the modern evolutionary synthesis brought a more sophisticated understanding of human genetic variation that the need for a biological concept of race disappeared entirely.

There are lumps that can form together a range of material: race relations in the southern United States in the first half of the century, comparative studies from Brazil and Hawaii, Dollard's Freudian theory, caste and class connections, "micro" or bottom-up approaches, and connections with theories of discrimination and concepts of ethnicity. In race as class, Marxist theorist Cox takes centre stage, along with Bonacich's adaptations of his approach for black-white relations in South Africa. An attack on the folk concept of race in social science and on postmodern "social rhetoric" can also be included here.

We can also build a "bottom up" theory of race. It argues that race should be considered a social construct within broader theories of group and category construction: socialisation, individual choice, political mobilisation, ethnicity, and nationalism. Race will eventually be replaced as a social concept in the same kind of way it was made redundant as a biological one, it suggests.

The development of race is linked with the chain of being. Much has been written about the racist implications of the chain of being. The place of females in that hierarchy is what has not been investigated, however. The notion of a single chain of being stretching throughout nature (and society) created a problem of where to fit women. Scientific racism and scientific sexism both taught that proper social relations between the races and the sexes existed in nature. Their notions of racial and sexual relations rested on contradictory visions of nature as many theorists failed to see, however. Scientific racism depended on a chain of being or hierarchy of species in nature that was inherently, unilinear and absolute. Scientific sexism, by contrast, depended on radical biological divergence. With or hierarchy over each other by defining them as opposites, each perfect though radically different and for that reason suited to separate social spheres the theory of sexual complementarity, attempted to extract males and females from competition. Thus which postulated a radical incommensurability between the sexes (of European descent) the notion of a single chain of being worked at odds with the revolutionary view of sexual difference.

We must turn to the glaring asymmetries in studies of race and sex in this period before investigating further women's place on the chain. Most strikingly, racial science interrogated males and male physiology while sexual science scrutinized European subjects. Eighteenth-century comparative anatomists and anthropologists were overwhelmingly male as one might imagine. That they developed their theories about race by examining male bodies is what is especially revealing, however. Females were studied, but only as a sexual subset of any particular race. The work of the German anatomist Samuel Thomas von Soemmerring can be considered in this regard. His 1785 book on race, Über die korperliche Verschiedenheit des Negers vom Europaer, compared the bodies of Africans and Europeans, most of which were male. His preference for male bodies was not simply an artifact of availability. He had dissected at least one female African in Kassel, observed "dozens" of blacks (including females) at the public baths, and had at least part of a female African skeleton (probably from the dissected female) in his anthropological collection. Having arranged transportation to Amsterdam for one of "his Mohrin" (he commonly referred to Africans as Moors) Soemmerring also knew black women personally. As she may have been his servant or perhaps simply one of his objects of study it is not clear, though, what was meant by calling her "his" Mohrin.

His study of sex, epitomized in his classic illustration of the female skeleton undertaken eleven years after his anatomy of race, treated only Europeans while Soemmerring's study of race focused on males. Indeed, anatomists' portrayals of distinctively female skeletons, ushering in the eighteenth-century revolution in views of sexual difference, were all of Europeans. Similarly comparing males and females of undifferentiated European origin were the canonical texts of that revolution by Rousseau, Roussel, Ackermann and Moreau de la Sarthe. Females were rarely compared across racial lines in the eighteenth century; or, if they were, it was commonly in relation to their sexual parts. Virey's De la femme, written to complement his work on race published some twenty years earlier, explore the "natural history of woman" with some attention to race came only in the nineteenth century.

We have to realize that race was not limited to study in the nineteenth and the twentieth centuries, although this has been the focus. Often some differences did not do justice to the study of other differences, such as gender. Also, we must realize that race is no longer bound to skin color, but also includes such as gender, nationality, genetics, and social status.

Hospital Health
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The incidence of falls in hospitals is an alarming number. National averages indicate that acute care general hospitals experience approximately 1,000,000 fall occurrences, per year. Sadly, 30% of those falls will result in injuries. Of those injuries, 5% or 52,500 will receive serious trauma such as a hip fracture.

If you or a loved one is hospitalized, you need to remain alert to potential fall risks. This is important because patients and families can play an important part in creating a safe purchase cialis environment.

All patients are to be assessed upon admission for the potential of falls. An "action" plan is then implemented to decrease the likelihood of a fall. Unfortunately, the "action plan" is not always followed.

All Patients at Risk

It is safe to assume that all patients are at some degree of risk of falling. Impaired mental status (i.e. confusion, disorientation), impaired memory, as well as those patients taking medications that act on the central nervous system, such as sedatives and tranquilizers may increase the chance of falling.

New products are on the market to assist cialis staff protects their patients. Bed alarms as well as motion alarms, which alert staff if someone is trying to get out of bed, are in use. Low beds or Vail "enclosed bed systems" may be employed. Physical and chemical restraints are still being used as well. Many facilities are working to move to a "restraint-free" environment as restraints have not been proven to reduce falls.

Simple care strategies should also include:

• non-skid footwear
• improved lighting
• minimize clutter near the patient's bed
• frequent patient checks

Fall Prevention Plan

We all know that accidents do happen. However, be sure that the hospital staff has a program in place to minimize the risk of a fall. The following guidelines will help ensure maximum safety of your loved one.

1. Request a copy of the hospital's Fall Prevention Policy and Procedure.

2. Review the policy and the actual "care plan" to determine if a safe plan is in place.

3. If restraints are indicated, request a copy of the hospital's Restraint Policy and Procedure. Restraints, if used correctly, can be a part of a hospital's safety plan. However, restraint use can also pose a safety risk. Be sure they are monitored as outlined in the Restraint Policy.

4. Patients are to be assessed continuously to evaluate their safety risk. Studies have reported that between 16% and 52% of patients may experience more than one fall during their hospitalization. Be alert for changes in condition that warrant a change to their Fall Prevention Action Plan.

5. Depending on the nature on an individual's care needs, a 24hour sitter may be the only option to ensure safety. Hospital staff should assess for this high level of monitoring.

Ongoing Monitoring

Effective fall prevention requires ongoing monitoring. Remain alert to be sure all care givers are following safety guidelines. If necessary, request to see someone in authority to ensure the safety of your loved one. Hospital stays are difficult enough without the added burden of a serious fall.

With health care comprising a significant part of the national economy and growing larger every year, hospitals need to become efficient and effective in how they take care of their own operations, their employees not to mention their patients. This is truly a white paper in a book that demonstrates, yes, hospitals can be healed and can be turned around in a relatively quick time from losing hundreds of thousands of dollars to becoming the premier hospital.

In this turnaround case study, David Herdlinger shares how he became part of this incredible story. Imagine a once profitable hospital becoming a healthcare institution that was losing $1 million per month and having a vote of "no confidence" by the medical staff with regards to management company. The situation was indeed dire.

Through the firing of the management team to the hiring of a new CEO, Gary Colberg, David documents many of the behind the scenes events that transformed this failing regional hospital into one of the best hospitals in GA. From the initial meeting with the new executive team to the monthly coaching sessions with the hospital's health practitioners to just listen while helping them improve their leadership skills, the reader in a very short time can understand how this management turnaround process happened fairly quickly.

David truly demonstrated that when a results focused, innovative and authentic leader takes over anything is possible. His modest sharing of his part in turning around this struggling regional hospital in GA to become the best hospital and reflects his overall approach to coaching, training and the development of leadership skills.

Organizational change is not easy especially in the health care industry. This book provides a simple place as to where to start and what to do. If you are in health care, in a leadership or management role and have issues ranging from financial to organizational culture, then this quick and easy read may begin to provide some very doable answers for you.


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